A Bibliography of

Huachuma and San Pedro Shamanism

compiled by

Don Choque Chinchay


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Aaronson,Bernard, & Osmond, Humphry. Psychedelics: The Use and Implications of Hallucinogenic Drugs, Anchor Books, 1970.

Benson, Elizabeth. Mochica: A Culture of Peru. Thames and Hudson, London. 1972.

Burger, R.L. The Sacred Center of Chavín de Huántar. In The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes. R.F. Townsend, ed., pp.
265-78. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago. 1992.

Burger, R.L. Chavín and the Origins of Andean Civilization. Thames and Hudson, London
and New York. 1995.*

Chapter 4. The Highland Center at Chavín de Huántar.

Cowan, T. Shamanism as a Spiritual Practice for Daily Life, The Crossing Press, Freedom, California. 1996.

Caceres Mecedo, Justo. Prehispanic Cultures of Peru. Guide of Peruvian Archeology. 2004.

Calderón, E., Cowan, R., Sharon, D., and Sharon, F. K. Eduardo el Curandero: The Words of a Peruvian Healer, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, California. 1982.

Cruz Sanchez, Guillermo. “Informe sobre las aplicaciónes de la Cimora en el norte del Perú.”
Revista de la Farmacologia y Medicina Experimental (Lima) 1 (2): 253-258. 1948a.

Cruz Sanchez, Guillermo. Estudio Farmacologico de la Opuntia cylindrica. Thesis. Insituto de Farmacologia y Terapeutica Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima. 1948b.

Cruz Sanchez, Guillermo. “Estudio Folklórico de Algunas Plantas Medicamentosas y Tóxicas de
la Región Norte del Perú.” Revista de Medicina Experimental 8(1): 159-166. 1951.

Davis, Wade. Sacred Plants of the San Pedro Cult, Botanical Museum Leaflets 29 (4): 367-386, 1983.

Davis, Wade. San Pedro, Cactus of the Four Winds, Shaman’s Drum 52: 51-60, 1999.

Davis, Wade. Cactus of the Four Winds. IN The Clouded Leopard, pp. 5-30. Taurus Parke Paperbacks. London & New York. 2007.

Dobkin de Rios, M. Trichocereus pachanoi: A Mescaline Cactus Used in Folk Healing in Peru, Economic Botany 22:191-94, 1968.

Dobkin de Rios, M. Folk Curing with a Psychedelic Cactus in North Coast Peru, International Journal of Social Psychiatry 15:23-32, 1968-69.

Dobkin de Rios, M. Fortune’s Malice: Divination, Psychotherapy, and Folk Medicine in Peru, Journal of American Folklore 82:132-41, 1969.

Dobkin de Rios, M.Power and Hallucinogenic States of Consciousness among the Moche. IN Altered States of Consciousness and Mental Health: A Cross-Cultural Perspective,
C.A. Ward ed., pp. 285-99, London, Sage, 1989.

Dobkins de Rios, Marlene. Hallucinogens: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, Unity Press, 1990.

Drury, N. The Elements of Shamanism, Element Books Limited, Great Britain, 1989.

Drury, N. Shamanism, Element Books Limited, Great Britain, 1996.

Earls, R and Silverblatt, I. La Realidad
Física y Social en la Cosmología Andina.

Eliade, M. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstacy, Bollingen Series, Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 1964.

Flores G., José.
Químico del cactus San Pedro (Echinopsis pachanoi Britton
& Rose).” Thesis para optar el título profesional de Licenciado
en Ciencias con Mencion en Quimica, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería,
Facultad de Ciencias, December 2000. 103 pages. [from Reyna & Flores
2001]. 2000.

Forte, R. (ed.)
and the Future of Religion, Council on Spiritual Practices, San Francisco, 1997.*

Furst, P. (ed.) Flesh of the Gods: The Ritual Use of Hallucinogens, Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, Illinois, 1972.*

Furst, Peter T. Hallucinogens and Culture, Chandler and Sharp, 1990.

Glass-Coffin, Bonnie.
The Gift of Life. Female Spirituality and Healing in Northern Peru. University of New Mexico: Albuquerque, 1998. 246 page. ISBN 0-8263-1892-4 (hard.); 0-8263-1893-2 (paper)

Gutiérrez-Noriega, Carlos. “Área de mescalinismo en el Peru.” América
Indígena 10 (3): 215-220. 1950.

Harner, M.J. (ed.)
and Shamanism, Oxford University Press, 1973.

Harner, M.J. The
Way of the Shaman, Harper/San Francisco, 1980.

Harvey, G.
A Reader, Routledge, London, 2003.

Isbell, Billie J.
to Andean Symbolism.

Isbell, W.
Order Expressed in Prehistoric Ceremonial Centers.

42nd International
Congress of Americanists, Proceedings 4:269-97. Paris. 1978.

Joralemon, D. Sacred
Space and Ritual Time in a Peruvian Healing Ceremony,San
Diego Museum of Man Ethnic Technology Notes, No. 19, 1984.

Joralemon, D. Altar
Symbolism in Peruvian Ritual Healing
, Journal of Latin American
Lore 11:3-29, 1985.

Joralemon, D. and
Sharon, D. Sorcery and Shamanism: Curanderos and Clients in Northern
Perú. University of Utah Press, 1993.*

Joralemon, D. The
Role of Hallucinogenic Drugs and Sensory Stimuli in Peruvian Ritual Healing.

Kano, C. The
Origins of the Chavin Culture
. Studies in Precolumbian Art
and Archeology number twenty-two. Dumbarton Oaks. Trustees for Harvard
University. Washington, D.C. 1979.

Kleinman, A.
do Indigenous Practitioners Successfully Heal?
Social Science
and Medicine 13B:7-26, 1979.

Masters, R.E.L.,
& Houston, Jean. The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience, Dell
Publishing Co., 1966.

Narby, J. and Huxley,
F. (eds.) Shamans Through Time: 500 Years on the Path to Knowledge,
Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, New York, 2001.*

Nicholson, S. (ed.)
An Expanded View of Reality, Quest Books – Theosophical Publishing
House, Wheaton, Illinois, 1987.

Polia Meconi, M.
del curanderismo andino en el Departamento de Piura, Perú.
6:179-238. 1988.

Reyna Pinedo, Víctor
& Flores Garcías, José. “El uso del “San Pedro” (Echinopsis
pachanoi) en medicina tradicional peruana.” Quepo 15: 28-37.

Roberts, T.B.
Sacramentals: Essays on Entheogens and Religion, Council on Spiritual
Practices, San Francisco, 2001.*

Rowe, J.H. Chavin
Art: An Inquiry Into
Its Form and Meaning.
The Museum of Primitive Art.
New York. Distributed by University Publishers, Inc. New York. 1962.

Schultes, R.E.
Plants, Golden Press, New York, 1976.

Schultes, R.E., Hoffman,
A. The Botany and Chemistry of Hallucinogens, Thomas, Springfield,
IL, 1980.

Schultes, R.E., Hoffman,
A, Ratsch, C. Plants of the Gods: Their Sacred, Healing and Hallucinogenic
Powers, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, Vermont, revised and expanded
edition 1998.*

Sharon, D.
of the Four Winds: A Shaman’s Story, New York: Free Press, 1978.

Sharon, D.
Peruvian Curandero’s Séance: Power and Balance.

In The Realm of the Extra-Human: Agents and Audiences (9th International
Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Chicago). A. Bharati,
ed., pp. 371-81. The Hague: Mouton, 1976.

Sharon, D.
a Curandero in Peru.
In Enculturation in Latin America: An Anthology.
J. Wilbert, ed., 213-36. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications.

Sharon, D.
of the Mesa in Latin America.
Journal of Latin American Lore 2(1):75-91,

Sharon, Douglas C.
& Christopher B. Donnan. “The Magic Cactus: Ethnoarchaeological
Continuity in Peru.”Archaeology 30 (6):374-381. (The Archeological
Institute of American, New York.) 1977.

Sharon, Douglas C.
& the sacred cactus:
ethnoarchaeological evidence for San Pedro
use in northern Perú/ Shamanismo & el cacto sagrado: evidencia
etnoarqueológica sobre el uso del cacto San Pedro en el norte del
Perú San Diego Museum of Man. [San Diego Museum papers; no.
37; Presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Andean Studies,
Berkeley, California, on January 7, 2000] 76 pages. ISBN 0937808741. [Same
material as in Sharon 2001 but text is in English & Spanish rather
than English & Italian]. 2000.

Sharon, Douglas C.
(2001) “Ethnoarchaeological Evidence for San Pedro (Trichocereus
pachanoi) Use in Northern Peru.” Eleusis 5: 13-59. [Article is in English
& Italian]. 2001.

Shulgin, Alexander,
& Shulgin, Ann. PIHKAL: A Chemical Love Story, Transform Press,

Skillman, R.D.
Diego Museum of Man Ethnic Technology Notes, No. 22. 1990.

Smith, H. Cleansing
the Doors of Perception, Penguin Putman, Inc., New York, 2000.*

Stafford, Peter.
Encyclopedia, Ronin Publishing Inc., 1992.

Stone-Miller, Rebecca.
of the Andes from Chavín to Inca, Thames and Hudson Ltd. London,

Torres, Constantino
M. Archeological
Evidence for the Antiquity of Psychoactive Plant Use in the Central Andes.

Trout, Keeper.
Cacti (Second Edition), Better Days Publishing, 1999.

Trout, Keeper. “San
Pedro & related
Trichocereus species” (This is an updated
& expanded reprinting of the Trichocereus material from Sacred
Cacti 3rd edition) Better Days/ Mydriatic Productions. 2005.

Wolf, F.A.
Eagle’s Quest: A Physicist’s Search for Truth in the Heart of the Shamanic
World, Summit Books, New York, 1991.

off-site links for related information …

of Mescaline; 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine

A Chemical Love Story #96, by Alexander and Ann Schulgin

Journal Articles and Abstracts

and Drug Testing


An Expanding Bibliography of

the Lambayeque, Moche, and Chavin cultures of Ancient Perú

Are you ready to experience the universal order

of the shamanic cosmos through the ancient portal of the Peruvian Huachuma Misa?

If so, then here is an incredible opportunity …
Huachuma Mesa Pilgrimage From Time

A mystical journey through Time and Space

exploring the land, world view, and shamanic cosmology
of the pre-Incan Sícan-Lambayeque, Mochica, and Chavín civilizations…

with five stunning Huachuma Mesa works

at Lambayeque and Mochica ceremonial pyramids on the northern coast …

… and climaxing at the “mother” of all Mesas …

the grand Temple of Universal Consciousness at Chavín de Huántar.

Participation is limited to twelve pilgrims of warm and stout heart,

adventurous spirit, and sharing tolerant nature. Group minimum is six.

The Huachuma Mesa Pilgrimage From Time is demanding on many levels

and reserved for the serious seeker of powerful core shamanic experience.

This pilgrimage is moderately strenuous at times and requires some stamina,

good intentions, character, courage and fortitude, a patient and tolerant nature,

and a willingness to become part of a bonded spiritual family for the duration of this shared

This Pilgrimage is especially for the connisseur of a supreme core shamanic experience.
Alcohol consumption
is strictly curtailed during the course of this Pilgrimage.

Inquire about dates and space availability. Alumni references available on request.

Don’t be mislead by imitations of our work.